Neurofeedback, sometimes referred to as EEG biofeedback or neurotherapy, is a non-invasive method that teaches people how to self-regulate their brain function by using real-time brain activity monitoring. The potential of this novel method to mental health treatment to cure a variety of illnesses, such as anxiety, depression, ADHD, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), has drawn attention to it. The science of neurofeedback, its therapeutic uses, and its place in contemporary mental health treatment are all examined in this article.

Neurofeedback: What Is It?

One type of biofeedback that focuses on brainwave activity is called neurofeedback. An electroencephalogram (EEG) is used to measure the electrical activity in the brain, and visual or auditory cues are used to give people feedback in real time. People can learn to adjust their brain activity and reach desired states of arousal and regulation by tracking their brainwave patterns.

How Is Neurofeedback Processed?

Brainwave activity is detected by sensors applied to the scalp during a neurofeedback session. Following its input, the data is analyzed by a computer program, which outputs results to the user in the form of auditory or visual displays. By means of consistent practice and encouragement, individuals acquire the ability to adjust their brainwave patterns and accomplish particular therapeutic objectives.

The Understanding of Neurofeedback Through Science

Patterns of Brainwaves

Brainwaves are distinct electrical rhythms produced by the brain that are associated with various mental health disorder and aware states. The primary brainwave classifications are:

Delta Waves: Linked to unconsciousness and profound sleep.

Theta Waves: linked to creativity, relaxation, and daydreaming.

Alpha Waves: Linked to peacefulness and alert relaxation.

Beta Waves: Linked to mental activity, alertness, and focus.

Gamma Waves: Linked to improved sensory and cognitive abilities.

The Neuroplastic State

The brain’s capability for neuroplasticity—the ability to remodel and adapt in response to experiences and stimuli—is harnessed by neurofeedback. Neurofeedback helps people train their brains to establish more adaptable patterns of functioning, which improves cognitive, emotional, and behavioral results. It does this by giving feedback on brain activity.

Control of Arousal

A central mechanism of neurofeedback is the brain’s modulation of arousal levels. People can attain a balance between excitement and relaxation by learning to adjust their brainwave patterns, which promotes optimal performance in a variety of cognitive and affective tasks.

Neurofeedback Therapy Applications for Anxiety Disorders

Treatment for anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), has showed potential with neurofeedback. Through neurofeedback training, people can learn to improve alpha and theta brainwave activity, which can aid in relaxation and lessen anxiety symptoms.

ADHD stands for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

The use of neurofeedback as a non-pharmacological ADHD solution is growing. Neurofeedback helps enhance attention, impulse control, and executive functioning in people with ADHD by teaching them to boost beta brainwave activity and decrease theta activity.


Those who are depressed may also benefit from neurofeedback. Neurofeedback is a technique that helps people with depression symptoms relax, minimize rumination, and elevate their mood by teaching them to boost alpha and theta brainwave activity.

PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder

A promising treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is neurofeedback, which targets dysregulation of the stress response system and hyperarousal. Neurofeedback is a technique that helps people learn to boost alpha and decrease beta brainwave activity, which helps control emotional arousal and lessen PTSD symptoms.

Including Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Mental Health

Individualized Care

Customized therapy regimens based on each patient’s specific brainwave patterns and symptoms are made possible via neurofeedback. Neurofeedback can treat the underlying neurobiological mechanisms of mental health disorders by focusing on particular brain regions and frequencies.

Combined Method

Traditional mental health medication and therapy can be supplemented with neurofeedback. Neurofeedback promotes comprehensive recovery by addressing neurophysiological dysfunction and augmenting the efficacy of other therapies.

Education and Licensure

Neurofeedback must be delivered by qualified and experienced specialists in order for it to be both safe and effective. Programs for certification and ongoing education guarantee that professionals possess the know-how needed to provide neurofeedback in a morally and safely manner.

Prospects for Neurofeedback Research: Enhanced Neuroimaging Methods

Technological developments in neuroimaging, like quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), have the potential to improve treatment procedures and deepen our understanding of the neurobiological processes behind neurofeedback.

Specific Interventions

Subsequent investigations could concentrate on crafting focused neurofeedback therapies that target particular neurobiological indicators linked to various mental health disorders. Neurofeedback can be made even more accurate and efficient by customizing therapies to each person’s unique neurophysiological profile.

In summary


Offering a non-invasive and individualized method of treating neurophysiological dysregulation at the root of many mental health disorders, neurofeedback is a potentially exciting new development in the field of mental health treatment. Neurofeedback enables people to self-regulate their brain function and reach optimal states of arousal and regulation by utilizing the brain’s neuroplasticity. Neurofeedback has the potential to be a crucial part of contemporary mental health treatment as research into the technique develops, supporting recovery, resilience, and overall wellbeing.